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We note two troubling
trends: (1) normally, it
is difficult for
countries to scale
urban services
efficiently as
populations grow,
especially if the capital
city is growing faster
than the rest of the
country. Latvia has
had challenges in that
area even while losing
population. To be sure,
some emigrants  are
returning to Russia,
Belarus and Poland for
cultural reasons, but it
is rarely a good sign
when people are
leaving (2) no chess
players rated over
2600.  
Measure
2010
2009
Population
2,204,708
2,231,503
Riga population
713,265
711,097
Infant mortality
0.842%
0.877%
Life expectancy
72.68
72.15
HIV+ adults
11,100 (0.5%)
10,900
Literacy
99.8%
99.8%
GDP per capita
14,700
17,600
Unemployment
14.3%
16.6%
Government revenues
$8.028 billion
$9.501 billion
Government expenses
$9.863 billion
$12.150 billion
Inflation
-1.2%
3.3%
Electricity net imports
2.516 trillion watt hours
2.520TwH
Natural gas imports
1.743 billion cubic meters
2.050
Oil imports
37,527 barrels per day
39,000
Imports
$9.153 billion
$8.849 billion
Exports
$7.894 billion
$6.721 billion
Foreign reserves
$7.170 billion
$5.030 billion
External debt
$37.280 billion
$38.010 billion
Currency (lati / US $)
.5422
.5157
As of 7/23 the exchange rate is  . 49375